Diabetic diet is a diet which is rich in nutrients,low in fats and calories.It includes fruits,vegetables and whole grain.Before going through this article on diabetic diet -part 2 pl go through our article on diabetic diet -part -1 in www.healthuseful.com.
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Fatty fish contain omega -3 Fatty acids.These are also known as EPA and DHA.
If diet contains monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids then it can achieve better diabetic control .Also if the diabetic individual has elevated lipid profile then control can be achieved over it also. Fish that have good level of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids are
Prawns should be avoided by diabetic individuals and those with elevated levels lipid profile .
Baked roasted grilled fish should be consumed.
Fried fish should be avoided as it will cause intake of oil in diet and we always try to avoid oil in diabetic individuals and in individuals with elevated lipid profile .
Beans are good for diabetic individuals as they have a lower side glycaemic index. They have high content of protein and low content of carbohydrate so they help in better regulation of blood sugar as compared to the starchy foods.They also contain iron, potassium and magnesium.
Also appetite of the individual is satisfied. So it can help in weight loss, control of blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Avoid taking beans from outside which are canned ,so salted
Make them at home to avoid this.
Walnuts -These are also rich in omega 3 fatty acids .Theses are good for heart and as diabetic patients have tendency to develop heart disease, so those should be utilized by diabetic individuals.
Omega -3 fatty acids can achieve better diabetic control and also control over elevated lipid profile. Walnuts also contain Magnesium, Vitamin B 6,iron ,proteins .
Citrus fruits contain bioflavonoid antioxidants -naringin and hesperidin and these are responsible for the antidiabetic effects of oranges.
Citrus foods also contain minerals like potassium ,folate and Vitamin C
Berries -There is lot of oxidative stress in patients of diabetes. Berries help to decrease it as they contain lot of antioxidants .Oxidative stress is a condition that occurs when there is imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants in our body.
Berries that should be consumed are blueberries
Besides being helpful in diabetes they also contain fibre, minerals like potassium ,manganese, Vitamin K, vitamin C.
As due to busy schedule we may forget to consume them we should make a practice to include it in out breakfast.
Sweet potatoes are beneficial for patients with diabetes as they release blood sugar slowly and besides they also provide us vitamin A, vitamin C, fibre ,potassium .
Probiotic Yogurt -These reduce inflammation and oxidative stress .If a patient of diabetes has elevated blood cholesterol levels then this pro biotic yogurt will help to decrease it. It has been found that diabetes ,elevated cholesterol and hypertension are associated with each other. Pro biotic yogurt contains cultures of Lactobacillus of Bifidobacterium.If a diabetic patient is purchasing pro biotic yogurt from the market then he should make it sure that it doesn’t contain any added sugar.
Chia seeds -These contain high levels of antioxidants and omega3 fatty acids are thus reduce the oxidative stress in diabetic patient.People do not like to consume it directly so they should be added to salads and desserts.